Understanding Conventional Loan Limits in 2023

Learn about the home loan limit for your area.

What are Conforming Loan Limits?

Fannie Mae graphic with family in the back groundA home loan that complies with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac's guidelines is referred to as a "conforming loan" (GSEs). The loan limit for conforming loans is typically determined by the median home price in an area and can vary from place to place.

Conforming loans are often easier to get than other mortgage loans due to their greater availability, making them more appealing to borrowers.

For a mortgage to be considered a conforming loan, it must meet the guidelines Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac set out. These guidelines include the loan size, the type of property it is used for, and who the borrower is.

A mortgage that meets these requirements is referred to as a "conforming" or "conformable" mortgage loan. While other types of mortgages, such as jumbo loans, may also be available to homebuyers, conforming loans typically offer better terms and rates due to their lower risk profile and wide availability.

Loan Limits for 2023

The loan limit for 2023 is determined by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA). The loan limit is the amount a lender can lend to a borrower for a conventional loan.

High-cost areas, such as the Alaskan counties, have higher limits than other parts of the country.

According to the FHFA's announcement, most of the nation's conforming loan ceiling for a single-family home will be $726,200 in 2023.

Standard Loan Limit High-Cost Limits
1 Unit $726,200 $1,089,300
2 Units $929,850 $1,394,775
3 Units $1,123,900 $1,685,850
4 Units $1,396,800 $2,095,200

How are Conforming Loan Limits Determined?

The yearly conforming loan limits are established by the Federal Housing Finance Agency, sometimes known as the FHFA.

The loan limits for each county or metropolitan region are established by the data of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) and Federal National Mortgage Association home price surveys (Fannie Mae).
The median house price sets the cap in the region to restrict mortgage lenders from providing loans over a specific loan amount.

Conforming Loan Limits In High-Cost Areas

The conforming loan limit is the highest amount of funding that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will insure or guarantee for a loan. The Federal Housing Finance Agency sets this limit, and the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) determines these limits annually.

Generally, the limit is $1,089,300 for one-unit properties in most high-cost areas.

FHFA sets higher limits for conforming loans to help homeowners in high-cost areas access more affordable financing options and maintain their current housing situation without taking out a jumbo loan.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Differ From Jumbo Loans?

Conforming loan limits are the maximum loan limits set by government-sponsored enterprises like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These loan limits vary by county and reflect the local median home price.

Conforming loan limits are typically lower than jumbo loans, which are non-conforming loans that exceed conforming loan limits. Jumbo loans often feature higher interest rates and more stringent restrictions than conventional loans.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Change Over Time?

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is responsible for determining the conforming loan limit each year; however, this ceiling is subject to change depending on the state of the housing market.

Conforming loan limits are often updated yearly to reflect the fluctuating housing market. When property values grow, the conforming loan limit usually rises, and when property values decline, the conforming loan ceiling often lowers.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Vary by Region?

Conforming loan limits vary by location based on the region's median property price. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) raises the conforming loan limits annually to adjust for inflation and rising home prices.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Impact, Home Buyers?

Conforming loan limits can have a significant impact on home buyers. These limits determine the maximum loan amount lenders can provide for a mortgage. Knowing the conforming loan limit for your area can help you budget and plan for how much home you can afford.

It can also impact the loan rate you receive, as lenders may be more willing to offer lower rates for mortgages that fall within the conforming loan limit. If the amount of the loan is larger than the maximum allowed under the conforming loan program, you may be asked to pay a higher interest rate or be refused a loan entirely.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Impact, Home Sellers?

The amount of money a buyer may borrow to buy a property might be impacted by conforming loan limits, so home sellers should be aware of these limits. In most cases, purchasers must get a loan covering the total purchase price, and loan limitations may place a cap on the amount borrowed.

As purchasers may not be able to qualify for the higher loan limit, it might be more challenging for the seller to receive their asking price for the house. Home sellers must be aware of these limits in their community to understand how conforming loan constraints may affect their ability to sell their houses.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Impact the Housing Market?

Conforming loan limits have a significant impact on the housing market. By capping the amount of money that can be borrowed, it prevents people from taking out loans that are too large for them to repay comfortably. This encourages more responsible borrowing, which helps to keep the housing market stable.

Additionally, it helps protect lenders and investors, as they know their loans are within a reasonable range. This helps ensure a healthy market since lenders are more likely to take on higher-risk loans when they know the limits.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Impact the Economy?

The economy may be significantly impacted by conforming loan limitations. They set a maximum loan amount that lenders may provide borrowers, lowering the cost of borrowing. Making it more straightforward for consumers to buy houses, vehicles, and other significant purchases and facilitating enterprises' access to cash contributes to economic growth. Lower loan restrictions also make foreclosure more likely during a recession, hurting the economy.

How Do Conforming Loan Limits Impact, Mortgage Lenders?

Mortgage lenders are impacted by conforming loan limits because they must abide by these limits when they offer loan products. The limitations set a maximum loan size that lenders are allowed to offer, which affects the types of loan products they can provide and their ability to make loans to specific borrowers. This can limit the number of borrowers a lender can serve and the types of loan products they can offer. For example, a lender may not provide certain jumbo loans if the loan size exceeds the conforming loan limit.


In conclusion, knowing about the conforming loan limit adjustments can help you buy or refinance a property before the year ends. Consult a qualified mortgage professional if you have concerns about how these changes may affect you.

Read more questions and answers about conventional loans


Conforming Loan Limit Values
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (Fhfa)

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